Lesson 14:  The Hole in the Black Boat
         President John Kennedy, who passed one of the largest tax cuts in the 20th century,
    stated that "a rising tide lifts all boats."  In a free society, every able-bodied person will
    work to create something or improve something, directly or indirectly.  We create wealth
    and improve our lives unless we are inhibited by theft, taxation or disincentives
    (welfare).  Of course, we can't all make wealth equally, because we're not all equally
    good at it.  However when allowed, we can always make more than we had.  Comedian
    Bill Maher once pointed out that America is the only country whose poor people are fat.  
    Most of our so-called poor have a better standard of living than much of the middle class
    in Western Europe, and better than anyone in the third world.  Socialists and dictators
    don't allow the poor to rise out of poverty, only freedom does, freedom and the
    competition that naturally accompanies it.  Free societies are competitive and competition
    drives achievement.  The slowest runner in the Olympics will still run circles around you.  
    That is why a rising tide lifts all boats.  It's also why Affirmative Action hurts African
    Americans.  Suppose you have two children, and you want one to succeed and the other
    to fail.  You simply demand excellence from one and mediocrity from the other.  

        African Americans have risen to the top of every field in which they've been forced to
    compete: t.v., music, sports, movies and now politics.  They have lagged behind in areas
    where they have been protected from competition by Affirmative Action.  Economist
    Thomas Sowell has documented this relation.  Black rise from poverty was fastest from
    1940-1960, slowed  dramatically with passage of various "civil rights" laws in the 60's and
    stopped altogether in the 1970's, when Affirmative Action and welfare were in full
    effect.  He suggests that competition is not absent in Affirmative Action; instead it's
    mismatched.  Recipients of Affirmative Action, he says, end up in schools that are too
    hard for them, surrounded by students that are smarter than them.  As a results, their rate
    of drop-out and failure is higher.